Aristotle's Three Laws of Thought

(About ten short paragraphs, Revision Three, Copyleft 2018-06-13, Peter Voluntaryist Walker.)


- "Formal logics were developed in ancient times in China, India, and Greece. Greek methods, particularly Aristotelian logic (or term logic) as found in the Organon, found wide application and acceptance in science and mathematics for millennia" (

- The Three Laws of Thought credited to Aristotle are Identity, Non-Contradiction, and Excluded Middle. There's much more to logic, but this is a good beginning.

- Please note: All logical fallacies are non sequiturs (Latin for "Does not follow"). For instance, if a professional politician and I have a beer and a nice talk together and I think that makes him/her/etcetera nice in real life, I committed a non sequitur because of the Law of Identity.

1. The Law of Identity says a thing can only be itself, aka A=A. Professional politicians are not nice people in real life because a person can only be one or the other. That said, situational reality sometimes makes it to one's advantage to have a politician in one's corner.

1.a. Another example is Shakespeare said a rose is a rose by any other name, and the same is true of the homo sapiens individual. An example violation is when people dehumanize each other, a textbook case being when Hitler dehumanized anyone he tagged "Jew" as being less than human.

1.b. All namecalling dehumanizes and is filler, meaning a replacement for content in an argument (argument in the context of making a case for or against something being true). Rudeness in general is also a form of namecalling because it's a practice of treating humans as less than human.

2. The Law of Non-contradiction says everything has an opposite and a thing cannot be its opposite.

2.a. For instance some people argue against property rights while simultaneously using parts of their body as they see fit in order to communicate their message; thus refuting the existence of the very thing they're doing. These are self-defeating arguments.

2.b. Claiming a knowledge exists when it doesn't is also self contradicting. An example is people stating as fact they know what *you* think, understand, like, etc., when it's impossible for anyone but you to know without sensors wired directly into your brain. They can can calculate probabilities based on your observable behavior, but there's a large gap (aka does not follow, aka non sequitur error) between brain and outward behavior. For instance you may understand something and simply choose not to let on that you do.

3. The Law of the Excluded Middle says an argument can't be true and false at the same time. "Either I will call my mother tomorrow, or I won't call my mother tomorrow. One or the other of these statements about the future must be true. The principle that either a given statement or its denial is true is called the 'Law of Excluded Middle.'" (David Hunt)

3.a. This law primarily addresses the semantics of accurately stating a problem or proposition. For instance, if an agreement has good and bad parts, it's not a 100% good or bad agreement; to accurately describe it, it has two or more parts needing to each be understood separately from the other part(s). Thus I also call the excluded middle *conflation*, similar to what Ayn Rand called The Package Deal. It's a critical law of logic because, whether intentionally or not, semantics often mislead.

3.b. Another conflation error is to conflate the already unconflated. For instance the non-aggression principal (NAP) says it's immoral to initiate coercion. Many say this is a too simplistic "truncated argument" because it allegedly ignores things such as the alleged necessity of central planning or the alleged social contract. But according to The Law of Identity, adding such things would make it no longer the NAP. In such cases the avoided NAP core proposition is whether or not initiating coercion is moral -- a complex argument involving definitions and interpretations of coercion, morality, initiation, and complex circumstances such as lifeboat scenarios and raising children. Therefore the NAP isn't over simplified or truncated; rather it's either a valid or invalid premise to be argued on its own merits. If it's accepted as valid, then issues such as central planning and social contracts can be measured against it. If the NAP is invalid, obviously it's irrelevant; but simply refusing to consider it is a non sequitur.

3.c. An equally common conflation error is goldplating; a textbook example being contractors for the USA Department of Defense writing specifications for hammers and toilet seats that made perfectly usable generic items unacceptable for no reason other than profit. Doing so provided the very same contractors with opportunities to sell hammers and toilet seats meeting their own specifications at multiple times the profit of generic items. Goldplating applies to present mainstream culture portrayals of critical thinking; that is, mainstream culture presents the tools of critical thinking such as logic as too complex for anyone to understand other than spokespersons for the hyper-elite.


Endnotes - None at this time.

The Ancient Greeks’ 6 Words for Love (And Why Knowing Them Can Change Your Life)

The Ancient Greeks’ 6 Words for Love (And Why Knowing Them Can Change Your Life) 
Looking for an antidote to modern culture's emphasis on romantic love? Perhaps we can learn from the diverse forms of emotional attachment prized by the ancient Greeks.
Roman Krznaric posted Dec 27, 2013
This article originally appeared in Sojourners.
Today's coffee culture has an incredibly sophisticated vocabulary. Do you want a cappuccino, an espresso, a skinny latte, or maybe an iced caramel macchiato?
Eros involved a loss of control that frightened the Greeks.
The ancient Greeks were just as sophisticated in the way they talked about love, recognizing six different varieties. They would have been shocked by our crudeness in using a single word both to whisper "l love you" over a candlelit meal and to casually sign an email "lots of love."
So what were the six loves known to the Greeks? And how can they inspire us to move beyond our current addiction to romantic love, which has 94 percent of young people hoping—but often failing—to find a unique soul mate who can satisfy all their emotional needs?

1. Eros, or sexual passion

The first kind of love was eros, named after the Greek god of fertility, and it represented the idea of sexual passion and desire. But the Greeks didn't always think of it as something positive, as we tend to do today. In fact, eros was viewed as a dangerous, fiery, and irrational form of love that could take hold of you and possess you—an attitude shared by many later spiritual thinkers, such as the Christian writer C.S. Lewis.

Eros involved a loss of control that frightened the Greeks. Which is odd, because losing control is precisely what many people now seek in a relationship. Don't we all hope to fall "madly" in love?

2. Philia, or deep friendship

The second variety of love was philia or friendship, which the Greeks valued far more than the base sexuality of eros. Philia concerned the deep comradely friendship that developed between brothers in arms who had fought side by side on the battlefield. It was about showing loyalty to your friends, sacrificing for them, as well as sharing your emotions with them. (Another kind of philia, sometimes called storge, embodied the love between parents and their children.)
We can all ask ourselves how much of this comradely philia we have in our lives. It's an important question in an age when we attempt to amass "friends" on Facebook or "followers" on Twitter—achievements that would have hardly impressed the Greeks.
Like what you're reading? We're nonprofit and ad-free—we depend on readers like you. Subscribe or donate today to keep YES! going strong.

3. Ludus, or playful love

This was the Greeks' idea of playful love, which referred to the affection between children or young lovers. We've all had a taste of it in the flirting and teasing in the early stages of a relationship. But we also live out our ludus when we sit around in a bar bantering and laughing with friends, or when we go out dancing.
Dancing with strangers may be the ultimate ludic activity, almost a playful substitute for sex itself. Social norms may frown on this kind of adult frivolity, but a little more ludus might be just what we need to spice up our love lives.

4. Agape, or love for everyone

The fourth love, and perhaps the most radical, was agape or selfless love. This was a love that you extended to all people, whether family members or distant strangers. Agape was later translated into Latin as caritas, which is the origin of our word "charity."
C.S. Lewis referred to it as "gift love," the highest form of Christian love. But it also appears in other religious traditions, such as the idea of mettā or "universal loving kindness" in Theravāda Buddhism.
There is growing evidence that agape is in a dangerous decline in many countries. Empathy levels in the U.S. have declined sharply over the past 40 years, with the steepest fall occurring in the past decade. We urgently need to revive our capacity to care about strangers.

5. Pragma, or longstanding love

Another Greek love was the mature love known as pragma. This was the deep understanding that developed between long-married couples.
Pragma was about making compromises to help the relationship work over time, and showing patience and tolerance.
The psychoanalyst Erich Fromm said that we expend too much energy on "falling in love" and need to learn more how to "stand in love." Pragma is precisely about standing in love—making an effort to give love rather than just receive it. With about a third of first marriages in the U.S. ending through divorce or separation in the first 10 years, the Greeks would surely think we should bring a serious dose of pragma into our relationships.

6. Philautia, or love of the self

The Greek's sixth variety of love was philautia or self-love. And the clever Greeks realized there were two types. One was an unhealthy variety associated with narcissism, where you became self-obsessed and focused on personal fame and fortune. A healthier version enhanced your wider capacity to love.

This article is based on the author's new book, How Should We Live? Great Ideas from the Past for Everyday Life.
The idea was that if you like yourself and feel secure in yourself, you will have plenty of love to give others (as is reflected in the Buddhist-inspired concept of "self-compassion"). Or, as Aristotle put it, "All friendly feelings for others are an extension of a man's feelings for himself."
The ancient Greeks found diverse kinds of love in relationships with a wide range of people—friends, family, spouses, strangers, and even themselves. This contrasts with our typical focus on a single romantic relationship, where we hope to find all the different loves wrapped into a single person or soul mate. The message from the Greeks is to nurture the varieties of love and tap into its many sources. Don't just seek eros, but cultivate philia by spending more time with old friends, or develop ludus by dancing the night away.
Moreover, we should abandon our obsession with perfection. Don't expect your partner to offer you all the varieties of love, all of the time (with the danger that you may toss aside a partner who fails to live up to your desires). Recognize that a relationship may begin with plenty of eros and ludus, then evolve toward embodying more pragma or agape.
The diverse Greek system of loves can also provide consolation. By mapping out the extent to which all six loves are present in your life, you might discover you've got a lot more love than you had ever imagined—even if you feel an absence of a physical lover.
It's time we introduced the six varieties of Greek love into our everyday way of speaking and thinking. If the art of coffee deserves its own sophisticated vocabulary, then why not the art of love?

Watch "Meet The Black Man With Two Biological White Parents" on YouTube


Meet The Black Man With Two Biological White Parents

Published on Sep 19, 2019

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The strange but true story of Anthony Lennon. The man that was born to two white Irish parents, but he looks like a mixed race man. We also discuss Sandra Laing the South African born Black woman, also born to two white patents. Is Anthony Lennon mixed race, Black, white, transracial, a throwback or just confused?

Comments • 1,332

Add a public comment...
Pinned by Everybody Hates Angel
For anyone curious or confused by Anthony Lennon's full name... Anthony changed his name legally, recently to "Anthony Ekundayo Lennon" to embrace his African Identity. He was not given this Yoruba name at birth.
If he has 32% African... someone in his family was passing for full White.
It’s not his fault. He had no control over his DNA.
It makes sense to me! Especially if you believe everything started from black anyway. I believe as much as people try to suppress, hide, breed out the black, it just comes back because the genes are too dominant
If he is 32% African, that means that one of his grandparents or one from each parent were passing for white. I don't think his African DNA percentage would be that high if his parents and grandparents were really white.
He deserved that grant for all he went through alone.Rachel is a different case, she took all the privilege without the pain
Low key both him and his brother looked mixed as kids I don't think he is a throwback. Someone was passing and Ireland has a history of abandoned mixed race kids. There is a documentary about it. Ireland's forgotten kids, I think. It is very possible the African DNA was from a passing grandparent.
I think that though his parents and grandparents look white, one or more were actually Black but looked white. Someone or some people were "passing" because 32% African is a lot - all things considered. You tell a lie long enough it will pass as the truth, especially when those who know the truth take it to their graves.
Wow that shows how STRONG the Black gene is!!!
He can never walk around as a white man because of his skin.I just can't imagine his mind set or what he went through as a child. The man strong as hell.
I mean we (Africans) are the original man and woman sooo
That just goes to show us that we still have a lot to learn about genetics, not surprised though!!!🤷🏿‍♀️🤷🏿‍♀️🤷🏿‍♀️
So basically there was a relative who 'passed' and these are their grandchildren. People who passed were often afraid that their offspring would reveal their true African identity.
This is just chickens coming home to roost for those that passed as white generations ago.
I’m only a minute in and hooked 😩
One of his parents was black and kept it a secret
Society forced him to identify as black, he accepted that and black people accused him of stealing their funds.. Difficult situation indeed..
Yes. Our Ancestral Bloodlines are very prominent.
No his mom wasn't banging the "black milk man".......It was his grandmother lol!
The world sees them as black so they have to adapt to being black... Perfect example of "if only we could live in a world that sees no colour".

Subjects aka Tag Cloud

On most devices, this link opens a sorted "Tag Cloud"
(Tag Sort = file "tags-petewalkerdotme-2019-11-12.xlsx".)

Site Intro/Me Intro

(This is a new and in-work blog. Most subjects are in The Tag Cloud and I'm working on getting it in alphabetical order (got code?). Commenting by anyone not a bot or troll is via
"He not busy being born is busy dyin' " - Bob Dylan
"Do no further harm." - Medical cliche
(Next pic Vietnam War Memorial, explanation following.)

Above is the most descriptive photo of my brothers and sisters who didn't make it -- we are the Vietnam War generation except for the chicken-hawks like Dick "Darth Vader" Cheney. Chicken-Hawks will take their ways to their graves and I wish them all due speed.
I am the Vietnam war generation because each generation is a war generation, a democide generation, a holocaust generation, a massacre generation, a lynch mob generation, etc. Names like "baby-boomer" and "millennial" are Orwellian language-takeover scams.
(My HS Grad 1970 pic.)

(Me 2019 in Winter)

(Me 2019 in Summer)

I have the perspective of a primatologist and we as a species are presently causing the sixth extinction. I've been inside ICBM silos, submarines, and all types of military aircraft and this world has so many active nukes pointed at each other right now that it's a miracle if we as a species show up to our next meal. Added to war is the reality of our technologies beginning with AI repeating the mistakes we made with nuclear bomb invention and escalation.
We as a species mostly agree on what I call "Point A", meaning the condition our condition is in. We mostly agree on "Point C", meaning our overall reasonably ideal condition (by definition including our environment). What we mostly disagree on is "Path B", the path to Point C.
It's mostly discussing Path B here, so please use professional-type politeness, all positive, no negative.
"Rudolph Joseph Rummel (October 21, 1932 – March 2, 2014) was professor of political science who taught at the Indiana University, Yale University, and University of Hawaii. He spent his career studying data on collective violence and war with a view toward helping their resolution or elimination. Rummel coined the term democide for murder by government (compare genocide), such as the Stalinist purges and Mao's Cultural Revolution."
- Wikipedia as of 2018-07-03

Orwell on Writing, aka Politics and the English Language

Excerpts from Politics and the English Language (attached .pdf):

"A scrupulous writer, in every sentence that he writes, will ask himself at least four questions, thus:

"1. What am I trying to say?
2. What words will express it?
3. What image or idiom will make it clearer?
4. Is this image fresh enough to have an effect?

"And he will probably ask himself two more:

"1. Could I put it more shortly?
2. Have I said anything that is avoidably ugly?"

"I think the following rules will cover most cases:
1. Never use a metaphor, simile, or other figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print.
2. Never use a long word where a short one will do.
3. If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out.
4. Never use the passive where you can use the active.
5. Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word, or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent.
6. Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous."

Marcus Aurelius: "When you wake up in the morning, tell yourself:"

"When you wake up in the morning, tell yourself: the people I deal with today will be meddling, ungrateful, arrogant, dishonest, jealous and surly. They are like this because they can't tell good from evil. But I have seen the beauty of good, and the ugliness of evil, and have recognized that the wrongdoer has a nature related to my own - not of the same blood and birth, but the same mind, and possessing a share of the divine. And so none of them can hurt me. No one can implicate me in ugliness. Nor can I feel angry at my relative, or hate him. We were born to work together like feet, hands and eyes, like the two rows of teeth, upper and lower. To obstruct each other is unnatural. To feel anger at someone, to turn your back on him: these are unnatural." ― Marcus Aurelius, Meditations

Here's Looking At You, Kid - Casablanca (5/6) Movie CLIP (1942) HD

Here's Looking At You, Kid - Casablanca (5/6) Movie CLIP (1942) HD
1,608,522 views Recommended for you
Published on May 26, 2011


Casablanca movie clips:

Rick (Humphrey Bogart) prepares the travel papers for Ilsa (Ingrid Bergman) and Victor instead of himself, and says goodbye.

One of the most beloved American films, this captivating wartime adventure of romance and intrigue from director Michael Curtiz defies standard categorization. Simply put, it is the story of Rick Blaine (Humphrey Bogart), a world-weary ex-freedom fighter who runs a nightclub in Casablanca during the early part of WWII. Despite pressure from the local authorities, notably the crafty Capt. Renault (Claude Rains), Rick's cafà (C) has become a haven for refugees looking to purchase illicit letters of transit which will allow them to escape to America. One day, to Rick's great surprise, he is approached by the famed rebel Victor Laszlo (Paul Henreid) and his wife, Ilsa (Ingrid Bergman), Rick's true love who deserted him when the Nazis invaded Paris. She still wants Victor to escape to America, but now that she's renewed her love for Rick, she wants to stay behind in Casablanca. "You must do the thinking for both of us," she says to Rick. He does, and his plan brings the story to its satisfyingly logical, if not entirely happy, conclusion.

TM & © Warner Bros. (1942)
Cast: Humphrey Bogart, Paul Henreid, Claude Rains, Ingrid Bergman
Director: Michael Curtiz
Producers: Hal B. Wallis, Jack L. Warner
Screenwriters: Joan Alison, Julius J. Epstein, Philip G. Epstein, Howard Koch, Casey Robinson

The MOVIECLIPS channel is the largest collection of licensed movie clips on the web. Here you will find unforgettable moments, scenes and lines from all your favorite films. Made by movie fans, for movie fans.

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Top Comments

| 3 years ago
"Here's looking at you, kid." - #Casablanca Best Picture Winner 1943

God of war collector | 1 year ago (edited)
we'll always have paris.

HD Film Tributes | 2 years ago
Why couldn't they just say a temperary goodbye. She goes with Lazlo until the end of the war and then they reunite.

CheesecakeLasagna | 5 months ago
It's not love. You have spore in your brain.

CheesecakeLasagna | 5 months ago
House MD brought me here.

Will C | 2 years ago
1:55 - Oh Rick... BYYYYYYYYYYYYEEEEEEEEEEEeeeeeeeeeee...

Mariam Albander | 2 years ago
Happy 73rd anniversary to Casablanca! One of the greatest classic films

iluvmichaeline | 3 years ago
Amazingly, this famous line was improvised.

lisa marie mc | 1 year ago
So romantic... and so sad ❤

Roger Kincaid | 2 months ago
This scene was so iconic, I knew it before the film itself.


82 views Recommended for you
Published on Feb 11, 2013


How historically accurate? Who was right and who was wrong?

Top Comments

| 5 years ago
This 3 minute video is one of my favs about property rights. It references first the Native Americans, then the Spanish, then the Americans. In this fictional case study the NAs and Ams used the land to sustain life.

It's Alright, Ma (I'm Only Bleeding)

Please Note: This is the source for the quote "He not busy being born is busy dyin' "
It's Alright, Ma (I'm Only Bleeding)
5,141,512 views views
Published on Apr 21, 2014


"Darkness at the break of noon
Shadows even the silver spoon
The handmade blade, the child's balloon
Eclipses both the sun and moon
To understand you know too soon
There is no sense in trying

As pointed threats, they bluff with scorn
Suicide remarks are torn
From the fool's gold mouthpiece the hollow horn
Plays wasted words, proves to warn
That he not busy being born is busy dying

Temptation's page flies out the door
You follow, find yourself at war
Watch waterfalls of pity roar
You feel to moan but unlike before
You discover that you'd just be one more
Person crying

So don't fear if you hear
A foreign sound to your ear
It's alright, Ma, I'm only sighing

As some warn victory, some downfall
Private reasons great or small
Can be seen in the eyes of those that call
To make all that should be killed to crawl
While others say don't hate nothing at all
Except hatred

Disillusioned words like bullets bark
As human gods aim for their mark
Make everything from toy guns that spark
To flesh-colored Christs that glow in the dark
It's easy to see without looking too far
That not much is really sacred

While preachers preach of evil fates
Teachers teach that knowledge waits
Can lead to hundred-dollar plates
Goodness hides behind its gates
But even the president of the United States
Sometimes must have to stand naked

An' though the rules of the road have been lodged
It's only people's games that you've got to dodge
And it's alright, Ma, I can make it

Advertising signs they con
You into thinking you're the one
That can do what's never been done
That can win what's never been won
Meantime life outside goes on
All around you

You lose yourself, you reappear
You suddenly find you got nothing to fear
Alone you stand with nobody near
When a trembling distant voice, unclear
Startles your sleeping ears to hear
That somebody thinks they really found you

A question in your eyes is lit
Yet you know there is no answer fit
To satisfy, insure you not to quit
To keep it in your mind and not forget
That it is not he or she or them or it
That you belong to

Although the masters make the rules
For the wise men and the fools
I got nothing, Ma, to live up to

For them that must bow down to authority
That they do not respect in any degree
Who despise their jobs, their destinies
Speak jealously of them that are free
Cultivate their flowers to be
Nothing more than something they invest in

While some on principles baptized
To strict party platform ties
Social clubs in drag disguise
Outsiders they can freely criticize
Tell nothing except who to idolize
And then say God bless him

While one who sings with his tongue on fire
Gargles in the rat race choir
Bent out of shape from society's pliers
Cares not to come up any higher
But rather get you down in the hole
That he's in

But I mean no harm nor put fault
On anyone living in a vault
But it's alright, Ma, if I can't please him

Old lady judges watch people in pairs
Limited in sex, they dare
To tell fake morals, insult and stare
While money doesn't talk, it swears
Obscenity, who really cares
Propaganda, all is phony

While them that defend what they cannot see
With a killer's pride, security
It blows the minds most bitterly
For them that think death's honesty
Won't fall upon them naturally
Life sometimes must get lonely

My eyes collide head-on with stuffed
Graveyards, false goals (gods), I scuff
At pettiness which plays so rough
Walk upside-down inside handcuffs
Kick my legs to crash it off
Say okay, I have had enough, what else can you show me?

And if my thought-dreams could be seen
They'd probably put my head in a guillotine
But it's alright, Ma, it's life, and life only"

Top Comments

MsB - Springsteenfan | 1 year ago
Congratulations to Bob, awesome.....Bob deserves his Nobel Prize!!

Principled Uncertainty | 2 years ago
The greatest song ever written.

Leopard Skin Pillbox Hat | 1 year ago
My current obsession with this song is unhealthy

Gerd Moe-Behrens | 1 year ago
Congratulations - Nobel prize in literature - awesome!

TheGhost5600 | 1 year ago
How in the world did he remember all those lyrics?

Jumpin' JAKE Flash | 1 year ago
My favorite song by the greatest songwriter of all time.

Grant Neal | 1 year ago
Not sure why everyone likes to shit on Dylan's singing. He's got a great voice.

Jack Smith | 2 years ago
The good news; this is still a great song, The bad news; the shit is still going on.

Maria Pratiwi | 2 years ago
OMG.. that's very long lyric! you're so amazing Dylan

Conrad Conero | 1 year ago
A true genius. Congratulations on the well deserved Nobel Prize!

I've studied nuclear war for 35 years -- you should be worried. | Brian Toon | TEDxMileHigh

I've studied nuclear war for 35 years -- you should be worried. | Brian Toon | TEDxMileHigh
1,359,817 views views
Published on Feb 1, 2018


For the first time in decades, it's hard to ignore the threat of nuclear war. But as long as you're far from the blast, you're safe, right? Wrong. In this sobering talk, atmospheric scientist Brian Toon explains how even a small nuclear war could destroy all life on earth -- and what we can do to prevent it. A professor in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Colorado-Boulder, Brian Toon investigates the causes of the ozone hole, how volcanic eruptions alter the climate, how ancient Mars had flowing rivers, and the environmental impacts of nuclear war. He contributed to the U.N.’s Nobel Peace Prize for climate change and holds numerous scientific awards, including two NASA medals for Exceptional Scientific Achievement. He is an avid woodworker. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

Freedom Movement Timeline Versus Strawman Attacks - The Art of Not Being Governed

Freedom Movement Timeline Versus Strawman Attacks

August 26, 2014 Freedom Movement Timeline Versus Strawman Attacks2015-01-13T16:02:54+00:00 Commentary 4 Comments

Written by Peter Voluntaryist Walker


(Mini-essay "Freedom Movement Timeline Versus Strawman Attacks" Release Three 9-22-2014. R2 added Paragraph 9 and R3 updated Paragraph 9.)

1. Present mainstream culture includes a practice of refusing to consider any alternative to the social institution of the state, aka government. A common strawman argument against those discussing more than one way to solve a problem is to portray us as naive or as advocating violence.

2. I’m anti-revolution because I’m pro-evolution, meaning successful anarchy will first require a multi-generational cultural change. Present society isn’t ready for instant statelessness, but to say our species never will be is a non sequitur.

3. For the same reason, I’m not wholesale anti-military or anti-police; they’re individuals and like all groups of individuals, some are healthy towards the generic individual in society, and some are not.

3.a. The root cause of war is very small percentage of individuals who, as sociopaths, find it advantageous based on the assumption they as individuals won’t fall victim. In the future, those they prey upon will have the knowledge to raise children in a way that they don’t become sociopaths, and those few remaining sociopaths will be identified and cared for as insane rather than followed.

3.b. Just as present society isn’t ready for instant statelessness, so it’s not ready to be instantly devoid of military or police. Rather, the social institutions of large-scale defense and local law enforcement will transition over generations into some different form; probably more of a preventive than reactive nature. Present generations can speculate and possibly pass some ideas forward, but future generations will determine the exact what and how. The same applies to preventing government from rising again.

4. It took the western civilization abolitionists from the early 1700s to the early 1800s to change mainstream culture from accepting chattel slavery to abhorring it. Chattel slavery was abolished through laws enforced through violence. One-sided advances in weaponry since then mean violence won’t work against the state. However, as a parasite, it can be starved once enough people — especially military and police — understand what it is and what the alternatives are.

6. Presently the discussion of government’s true nature and its alternatives is just beginning. We’re where the abolitionist were in the 1600s; discussing and experimenting mostly among ourselves. However, our message may spread faster due to technologies in our favor.

7. Like science, alternatives to the state advance one generation at a time because the gatekeepers are invested in the status quo. Their weakness is they’re more invested in themselves than future generations. Another is they don’t produce wealth, they only transfer it. The social institution of the state is a parasite, and parasites can be starved.

8. Although I agree with the logic of anarcho-capitalism, I see no problem with multiple other systems existing side-by-side, as long as one doesn’t impose on another or on the individuals involved. Additionally, future generations may develop presently unknown better ideas and implementations.

9. A comment I got on Release One of this essay was "‘Present society isn’t ready’ is not a very convincing defense for moral violations–what does that have to do with my right to be free?" I wrote the above mini-essay based on people naysaying about the future, so that’s why I overlooked that point. I may not be the best person to answer the question, but I am (in my unbiased view) a concise writer who writes as a part of his critical thinking process. So I wrote Paragraph 4.d. of


Paragraph 1.: Government in the context of the state differs from the concept of government in the context of an individual governing him or herself.

– Some are too impatient to consider multi-generational change as a strategy.

– An illusionary shortcut to multi-generational change is the idea of just getting the correct people into office. But any system depending on the benevolence of its office holders is a bad system.

Paragraph 2.: By "successful anarchy", I don’t mean 100% perfect societies, I mean multiple social institutions to choose from being in total more successful than the social institution of the state. I assume our species doesn’t go extinct first; whether or not we do is probably about a 50-50.

Paragraph 3.: By the generic individual in society, I mean the smallest minority is the individual; that individual rights trump any alleged group rights.

Paragraph 8: One misunderstanding about anarcho-capitalism is everything is for-profit. Wiki-type organizations, charity organizations, etc. are all within the original definition an-cap-ism; with the caveat that for-profits can choose to compete with charities or whatever other organization.


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The Science of Hierarchy

The Science of Hierarchy (essay) (pic)
(Six paragraphs, Release Two, Copyleft 2018-06-05 by Peter Voluntaryist Walker)

The 300M number Dr. Jordan Peterson(1) cites is a one possibility and the hierarchy going back only 13M years(2) is another. Orangutans and homo sapiens have a common ancestor about 15 million years ago, but orangs live without social hierarchy(3). This is probably why a small percentage of our species prefer to live as lone hermits: It's very possibly due to a recessive gene from not that long ago. It's also possible orangs had parallel evolution where they dropped hierarchies. The 300 million years ago when lobsters started having hierarchies could also have been their parallel evolution not inherited from the common ancestor we share with them.

1. They are in homo sapiens DNA. 2. Voluntary human societies such as the Moresnet case study(3) had/have hierarchies *but* individuals were free to leave one hierarchy for another *or* for no hierarchy at all.

Science Notes:
We homo sapiens are equally or more hierarchical than chimps in their wild state. Our bipedal ape ancestors split off from them about six million years ago. Species change little if they don't have to; thus before our and chimps' common ancestor split, that ancestor was almost the same as today's chimps: Mega hierarchical and murderous (50% of male chimps die in chimp border patrol violence and chimps do genocide against other chimp troops; each troop having unique cultures in their troop sign languages etcetera; just as some human political cultures commit genocide).
- The main difference from us, chimps and bonobos (they split from chimps 2M ago) is our huge fore-brain versus their puny fore-brain. The three main *systems* of the mammal brain are hind, mid, and fore-brain; respectively instincts, emotions/subconscious, and intellect/future-forecasting. In each of us individual humans, as long as these three are on the same team, naming the hundred or so technical brain parts is Academic Ivory Tower Details (I capitalize religions) unless one is going for a medical degree.
- Our hind and mid-brains are almost clones of the bonobos' and chimps’. The hind and mid systems are the millions of years old and our fore-brains less than 200,000 years old -- in the prototype stage and like all complex prototypes, full of malfunctions that will take a long time to resolve. For instance we as a species can but don't sustain a reasonable quality of life for all.

- Science has recently learned of our stomachs containing cells very similar to brain cells. The reason is because hundreds of millions of years ago, our anscestors didn't even have heads, let alone an organ called "a brain"; but they did have gut feelings from their stomachs. That was an extremely primitive version of thinking, but it is a proven part; unlike our 200,000 year-old prototype fore-brain.

- As you can see from a brief history of our evolution, our bodies evolved as efficiently as possible to survive, and a part of this efficiency is when we humans are emotionally hurt, our brains use the same circuits as they do for physical pain. This is why emotions such as loss and heartbreak can be physically devastating as well.

Conclusions: 1. Evolution isn't as simple as "Such and such goes back 300M years" because there are complex patterns such as parallel evolution.
2. Hierarchies can be moral if their members can choose to leave a hierarchy for another or for no hierarchy.
(3) One offspring at a time lives with the mother, but paediatrics don't count as hierarchies. The male orangs sometimes rape the females, but these are one-night stands few and far in between and thus are not *social hierarchies* as they are with gorillas, chimps, and us.

Altruism Versus Selfishness

In each of us homo sapiens, Yin includes altruism and Yang includes selfishness. Both are needed in as close to a 50-50 balance as we can each manage. An amount of selfishness is needed because one can't give away what one doesn't have. Scientifically speaking, our group selection put altruism in almost all of us and the individual's evolution *within* the group put self-centeredness in almost all of us:

"If we assume that groups are approximately equal to one another in weaponry and other technology, which has been the case for most of the time among primitive societies over hundreds of thousands of years, we can expect that the outcome of between-group competition is determined largely by the details of social behavior within each group in turn. These traits are the size and tightness of the group, and the quality of communication and division of labor among its members. Such traits are heritable to some degree; in other words, variation in them is due in part to differences in genes among the members of the group, hence also among the groups themselves. The genetic fitness of each member, the number of reproducing descendants it leaves, is determined by the cost exacted and benefit gained from its membership in the group. These include the favor or disfavor it earns from other group members on the basis of its behavior. The currency of favor is paid by direct reciprocity and indirect reciprocity, the latter in the form of reputation and trust. How well a group performs depends on how well its members work together, regardless of the degree by which each is individually favored or disfavored within the group. The genetic fitness of a human being must therefore be a consequence of both individual selection and group selection." - Wilson, Edward O.. The Social Conquest of Earth (Kindle Locations 765-774). Liveright. Kindle Edition. (Some words bolded by me.)

My Nonjudgmental Plain Vanilla Straight Dating Profile

I'm a veteran, meaning the feds etc know as much as they want, so I have little if anything to hide anyway.
My Nonjudgmental Plain Vanilla Straight Dating Profile
* Deal-breakers for 99% of female adults:
- Mo. income $2,300 & low assets/savings
- 67 yrs, 5'7", 130 lb, athletic bod, rainbow relatives (double-widowed, 1974 a black lady due to cigarettes, 2002 Native American due to alcoholism, I'm Caucasian).
- Part-time or non-LTR not for me, no exception; I will not even kiss on lips unless on-grid or off-grid married or the equivalent
- No driver's licence for the last or next decade
- 97% freethinker, minimal social skills, blunt, not "politically correct", a dork
- Vet AF E7, separated not retired
- "CO Red Card" light use edibles only
* If u r still reading:
- I only care about bone-deep beauty. We live >100 & one dies from natural causes & the other from a broken heart. "ENFJ-A Protagonist"; CDC-Kaiser=2 & resolved; equivalent adult trauma happens & I resolve it the same.
- Spiritually = participate/support/etc your choices, ForeverJung aka eclectic, archetype truths, Love is a verb, outdoors is my cathedral, Tao, Rastafari, 18 Christian commandments, more
* History
- 1952-74 Franciscans, serious sports etc, college+work+hitchhike >35 states/countries
- 74-2016 Two deceased spouses, #1 smoker's lungs, #2 Iraq vet booze, adult kids
- 94-2010
- 2010-now Semi Retired; multi-skilled, *Happily* helpful with kids/disabilities/pets/etc

* Example deal breakers for me (alphabetical):
- Any non-LTR (long term relationship) agendas, games, etc
- Corporate ("mainstream") Culture backstabbing (There are topics such as politics not discussed in polite company and those topics are not worth fighting about or breaking-up over.)
- Disloyalty
- Impoliteness
- Issues for bogus reasons like unfounded jealousy
- Issues needing fixed not getting fixed
- Incompatible morals / ethics / values / methods of disagreeing
- Life in the fast lane, workaholism, etc
- Not reasonably budgeting time together vs alone time
- Not using a qualified arbitrator such as a grievance counselor etc in trainwreck times when two heads are not good enough.
- LTR = Zero secrets, mind games, dishonesty, etc
- Old or new flames
- Putting rocks in snowballs
- Taking issues personal (I'm 100% in your corner anyhow ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ )
- Unfriendliness

My Perfect Match:
* You are *usually* positive; *sometimes* dealing with life's curve-balls/trainwrecks and your preference is my privilege -- give you space, hold you, listen, talk, your choice.

The perfect three first dates:
*Safety first meaning we meet in a safe public place & fam/friends always welcome to chaperone or enjoy double-dating etc. Politeness always.
*It's not self-deprecating if it's true, and I am in person one half your expectations
*About first dates in general and the older those dating the more true:
- I used to not expect extremely personal details on a first date and I dated a lady whom caught me unexpected with emotional pain and I wasn't sensitive enough and I apologize so much, so much, so much.
- I have also dated people in denial about isms such as workaholism. If it's frosting on the cake, it's not addiction; if it is the cake...
-- Love is a verb, not a noun sitting on a shelf, & in my 20s I was such a gear-head I de facto loved gears more than my wife or children and now in my 60s with so much bad Karma to make up for.
*If we can agree on the above, dating will show any chemistry & if none, a graceful exit is a must to enable networking.

Medical Condition, Alphabetically….
Alcoholism* (Three Inactive years legally treated with CBD and THC)
Diabetes II* (Metformin, Glipizide)
High Blood Pressure(1) (2003 quad bypass) (Carvedilol)
OCD (not diagnosed but obvious and treated legally with CBD and THC)
Paperwork showing more disorders I had when I got my "red card" but since forgot what they were.
Probably more on my VA page I forgot
(1) Genetically they have me by the round things and pills only work in proportion to exercise.

Contact/Social-Media Info (Email is very hard to use as back-and-forth messaging and is more for one-time official stuff, and one can't tell whether or not an email has been received or read.)
Facebook Messenger: "Peter Voluntaryist Walker" on Facebook and best to go to Facebook Messenger and send me a message and that way you don't have to be a FB "Friend . FBM is the best for back-and-forth messaging and one can tell whether or not the other person has read one's message and it has many more options than cell texting.
Snail Mail: Peter Walker, 330 E Costilla St, Colorado Springs, CO 80903 (Mailing only address and I live near the intersection of Wahsatch Ave and E. Bijou in Colorado Springs, CO)


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